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Install WordPress Ubuntu 20.10, 20.04 | Apache

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1. How to download WordPress Linux file
2. How to install LAMP on Ubuntu 20.04
3. How to create a database for WordPress Ubuntu
4. How to create Apache virtual host for WordPress website
5. How to access WordPress and finish configuration

The websites are visited every second by millions of users worldwide and we can see from professional sites to very basic sites. There is no doubt that the design of the site is something that impacts at first sight when we open it and therefore if we are developers or we like to create web pages we must resort to the best solutions for it.

One of these is the platform where more than 35% of the pages have been created and it is the well-known WordPress.

What is WordPress

WordPress has been developed as a platform in which we can create, edit and manage websites where online content will be hosted and in which we will have multiple features and functionalities.

WordPress functions and features

Within the functions and characteristics of WordPress we find:

  • Integrate plugins and custom themes (more than 200 options to choose from)
  • Add statistics and Google Analytics for a control of visits to the site
  • We can use the advertising program WordAds with which we seek to monetize the page created
  • FTP options and server access
  • Ease of integrating buttons to share our site on social networks
  • In WordPress, dates are in UTC format, so all elements related to time will be based on GMT time.
  • It has advanced user administration
  • It has gzip compression focused on saving bandwidth
  • Integrates SEO and Google Sitemaps functions
  • Allows backup and protection

WordPress is an open source application (although it offers payment plans) so we will see how to install it in Ubuntu 20.04 together with Apache.

1. How to download WordPress Linux file

Step 1


First, we are going to download the latest version of WordPress with the following command:

 sudo wget  -c  http:  //wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz  

image

Step 2


Once downloaded, we will extract its content with the following command:

  sudo   tar   -xzvf   latest   .tar   .gz  

image

Step 3


The next step will be to move the WordPress directory that we have extracted to the root of the web document, which is in the path / var / www / html /, there we will execute the following:

 ls -l (we  list  the content) 
 sudo cp -R wordpress /  var  /www/html/technowikis.lan (we  copy  the content to our site) 
 ls -l / var / www / html / (we  check  the  content  ) 

image

Step 4


Now we are going to configure the permissions in the website directory which is /var/www/html/technowikis.lan, these permissions imply that it must be owned by the Apache2 user and group www-data:

 sudo chown -R www-data: www-data /  var  /www/html/technowikis.lan sudo chmod -R  775  /  var  /www/html/technowikis.lan 

image

2. How to install LAMP on Ubuntu 20.04

Step 1


LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB and PHP) is a set of ideal applications for web work and data management, first of all, we install Apache if we don't have it with the following command:

 sudo apt  install  apache2 

image

All Apache2 configuration files are in the / etc / apache2 directory and the main configuration file is /etc//etc/apache2/apache2.conf.

Step 2


We see the state of Apache with the following command:

 sudo systemctl status apache2 

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Step 3


We enable Apache at Ubuntu boot:

 sudo systemctl  is  -enabled apache2 

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Step 4


Now we will install the database manager which will be MariaDB, for this we execute the following:

 sudo apt  install  mariadb-  server  mariadb-  client  

image

Step 5


We enter the letter S to validate the download and installation of the database manager:

image

Step 6


We check the status of MariaDB:

 sudo systemctl status mariadb 

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Step 7


We enable its start from boot:

 sudo systemctl  is  -enabled mariadb 

image

Step 8


The next step will be to ensure the MariaDB installation with the following command:

 sudo mysql_secure_installation 

We enter the desired password for the root user and then we answer the following:

  • Set a root password? [Y / n] and
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y / n] and
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y / n] and
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y / n] and
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y / n] and

image

Step 9


Finally we install PHP and its plugins with the following command:

 sudo apt  install  php libapache2-  mod  -php php-mysql 

image

Step 10


We enter the letter S to confirm:

image

PHP is an ideal programming language for working on web projects.

3. How to create a database for WordPress Ubuntu

Step 1


We log in to MariaDB with the following command and we must enter the password that we have previously defined:

 sudo mysql -u root -p 

image

Step 2


Then we create the database, the username and the password to use in the WordPress login:

  • CREATE DATABASE "base";
  • GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON base. * TO 'user' @ 'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
  • FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
  • EXIT;

image

Step 3


We go to the document root of the website and there we are going to create a wp-config.php file taking the configuration file as the source as follows:

  cd  /var/www/html/technowikis.lan sudo mv wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php 

image

Step 4


We open the configuration file with the desired editor:

  sudo   nano   wp-config   .php  

There we will see the following:

image

Step 5


We must go to the following lines:

  • DB_NAME
  • DB_USER
  • DB_PASSWORD

We establish the name and password created in the database:

image

We save the changes with the Ctrl + O keys and exit the editor with the Ctrl + X keys.

4. How to create Apache virtual host for WordPress website


It is required to configure the Apache web server to host the WordPress site with the domain name.

Step 1


To do this we must create a virtual host and establish the Apache configuration, we execute the following:

 sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/technowikis.lan.conf 

Step 2


In the file we will enter the following:

  <  VirtualHost  *  :   80  >  ServerName technowikis.lan ServerAdmin webmaster @ localhost DocumentRoot /var/www/html/technowikis.lan ErrorLog $ {APACHE_LOG_DIR} /error.log CustomLog $ {APACHE_LOG_DIR} /access.log combined  </  VirtualHost  >  

image

We save the changes with the Ctrl + O keys and exit the editor with the Ctrl + X keys.

Step 3


We are going to verify that the Apache configuration and its syntax are correct, if so, we are going to enable the new site and load the apache2 service to apply the new changes we have made:

  apache2ctl   -t   sudo   a2ensite   technowikis   .lan   .conf   sudo   systemctl   reload   apache2  

image

Step 4


After this we are going to deactivate the virtual host by default in order to allow a new site to be loaded correctly from the web browser, we enter the following in the terminal:

 sudo a2dissite  000  -  default  .conf sudo systemctl reload apache2 

image

5. How to access WordPress and finish configuration

Step 1


Finally from a browser we enter the following syntax:

 http:  //technowikis.lan  

In the initial window we select the language to use:

image

Step 2


We click on Continue and then we enter the name of the site, the user and we can leave the password assigned by WordPress, if so we must copy it due to its complexity:

image

Step 3


We complete the requested information and click on "Install WordPress" to complete the process:

image

Step 4


We click OK and we will be redirected to the WordPress login page:

image

Step 5


Click on "Access" and this will be the WordPress environment in Ubuntu 20.04:

image

Step 6


There we can navigate in the different options for the creation of the websites:

image

Step 7


We can go to the appearance section to choose the best way to integrate:

image

TechnoWikis has explained to you how to install WordPress together with Apache in Ubuntu 20.04 and thus enjoy one of the best solutions for creating and editing websites.


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