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Mac shortcuts: The most important shortcuts for macOS

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Key legend
Standard keyboard shortcuts
Keyboard shortcuts for word processing and documents
Shortcuts for switching on and off
The most important special characters as shortcuts
Shortcuts for the finder
Other useful shortcuts

Shortcuts simplify your everyday life with your Mac. We have put together the most important shortcuts for macOS for you..

image image

As a switch to macOS, you not only have to get used to a new keyboard layout, but also learn new key combinations. Many of these key combinations make working faster and more convenient. But even long-time macOS users may find one or the other shortcut in our overview that they did not know before.

Key legend

button designation
cmd ⌘ Command key
ctrl Control button
Backspace
Left arrow
arrow to the right
up arrow
Down arrow
Eject button
Shift key
old ⌥
Options button
Enter key
fn Function key
Tab or tab key
button designation
cmd ⌘ Command key
ctrl Control button
Backspace
Left arrow
arrow to the right
up arrow
Down arrow
Eject button
Shift key
old ⌥
Options button
Enter key
fn Function key
Tab or tab key

Standard keyboard shortcuts

Keyboard shortcut description
cmd + C Copy
cmd + V Insert
cmd + X cutting out
cmd + A Mark all
cmd + S Save on computer
cmd + Z Back
fn + backspace Remove
Keyboard shortcut description
cmd + C Copy
cmd + V Insert
cmd + X cutting out
cmd + A alle Markieren
cmd + S Speichern
cmd + Z Zurück
fn + Backspace Entfernen

Keyboard shortcuts for word processing and documents

Keyboard shortcut description
cmd + right arrow jump to the end of the line
cmd + left arrow jump to the beginning of the line
cmd + up arrow jump to the beginning of the document
cmd + down arrow jump to the end of the document
alt + right arrow one word further
alt + left arrow one word back
alt + up arrow back one paragraph
alt + down arrow one paragraph further
Tastenkombination Beschreibung
cmd + Pfeil nach rechts zum Zeilenende springen
cmd + Pfeil nach links zum Zeilenanfang springen
cmd + Pfeil nach oben zum Dokumentenanfang springen
cmd + Pfeil nach unten zum Dokumentenende springen
alt + Pfeil nach rechts ein Wort weiter
alt + Pfeil nach links ein Wort zurück
alt + Pfeil nach oben einen Absatz zurück
alt + Pfeil nach unten einen Absatz weiter

Shortcuts for switching on and off

Keyboard shortcut description
Shift + cmd + Q De-register
alt + cmd + eject Sleep mode (not possible on Macs with Touch ID)
ctrl + cmd + Q Lock screen
cmd + ctrl + eject Restart (not possible on Macs with Touch ID)
alt + cmd + ctrl + eject Shut down (not possible on Macs with Touch ID)
Tastenkombination Beschreibung
Umschalttaste + cmd + Q Abmelden
alt + cmd + Eject Ruhezustand (nicht bei Macs mit Touch-ID möglich)
ctrl + cmd + Q Bildschirm sperren
cmd + ctrl + Eject Neu starten (nicht bei Macs mit Touch-ID möglich)
alt + cmd + ctrl + Eject Herunterfahren (nicht bei Macs mit Touch-ID möglich)

The most important special characters as shortcuts

Keyboard shortcut special character
old + L @
old + E
old + R ®
old + N ~
old + 5 [
old + 6 ]
old + 8 {
old + 9 }
Shift + 7 /
alt + Shift + 7 \
old + 7 |
Tastenkombination Sonderzeichen
alt + L @
alt + E
alt + R ®
alt + N ~
alt + 5 [
alt + 6 ]
alt + 8 {
alt + 9 }
Shift + 7 /
alt + Shift + 7 \
alt + 7 |

Shortcuts for the finder

Keyboard shortcut description
Enter Rename the selected file
old + cmd + T Show finder toolbar
cmd + N new Finder window
cmd + O Open file or folder
cmd + D Duplicate a file or folder
cmd + Shift + N create new folder
cmd + I Get file information
cmd + L create link
cmd + 1 Icon view
cmd + 2 List view
cmd + 3 Column view
cmd + 4 Cover flow view
Spacebar or cmd + Y Quicklook
Tastenkombination Beschreibung
Enter markierte Datei umbenennen
alt + cmd + T Finder Toolbar anzeigen
cmd + N neues Finder Fenster
cmd + O Datei oder Ordner öffnen
cmd + D Datei oder Ordner duplizieren
cmd + Shift + N neuen Ordner erstellen
cmd + I Dateiinformationen abrufen
cmd + L Verknüpfung erstellen
cmd + 1 Iconansicht
cmd + 2 Listenansicht
cmd + 3 Spaltenansicht
cmd + 4 Cover-Flow-Ansicht
Leertaste oder cmd + Y Quicklook

Other useful shortcuts

Keyboard shortcut description
cmd + tab switch between active applications
cmd + Shift + 3 Screenshot of the entire screen ( more screenshot keyboard shortcuts can be found here )
cmd + < Switch between windows in an application
cmd + Q exit program
alt + cmd + Esc Opens the "End program immediately" window similar to the Task Manager
alt + cmd + Shift + Esc (hold down) Force quit program
F3 (Mission Control) Show all active windows (only for Macs without a touch bar)
cmd + F3 (Mission Control) Hide all active windows / show desktop (only for Macs without a touch bar)
cmd + F (in the Finder) Search
cmd + space bar Spotlight search
cmd + backspace Move the file or folder to the trash
cmd + Shift + Backspace Empty the trash
Tastenkombination Beschreibung
cmd + Tab zwischen aktiven Anwendungen wechseln
cmd + Shift + 3 Screenshot vom gesamten Bildschirm ( weitere Screenshot-Tastenkombinationen finden Sie hier )
cmd + < Wechsel zwischen Fenstern in einer Anwendung
cmd + Q Programm beenden
alt + cmd + Esc Öffnet das Fenster "Programm sofort beenden" ähnlich dem Task-Manager
alt + cmd + Shift + Esc (länger gedrückt halten) Programm beenden erzwingen
F3 (Mission Control) Alle aktiven Fenster einblenden (nur bei Macs ohne Touch-Bar)
cmd + F3 (Mission Control) Alle aktiven Fenster ausblenden / Desktop anzeigen (nur bei Macs ohne Touch-Bar)
cmd + F (im Finder) Suchen
cmd + Leertaste Spotlight Suche
cmd + Backspace Datei oder Ordner in Papierkorb verschieben
cmd + Shift + Backspace Papierkorb leeren

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