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Create Domain and install and configure Active Directory on Windows Server 2022

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How to create a domain and configure Active Directory in Windows Server 2022

Windows Server is the preferred system for millions of companies to manage everything related to the internal processes of the company at the level of users, computers and objects . The most centralized way to do this is thanks to the domain controller that we can implement on the server so that all client computers have access to what is hosted on the server..

 

 

Windows Server 2022
Windows Server is available now in its future version 2022 which gives us some features such as:
  • Compatible with AES-256-GCM and AES-256-CCM cryptographic suites
  • Option to copy files to SMB with compression using the Robocopy, compress and Xcopy / compress commands
  • SMB Direct protocol over RMDA networks supports AES-256 encryption
  • Native management with Windows Admin Center and more

 

Windows Server as controller
But without a doubt that one of the main points in Windows Server is its operation as a domain controller and as a DNS server, let's remember some of the main tasks of a server:
  • Work as a DNS server (Domain Name System, Domain Name System) to resolve network names, that is, translate IP addresses into domain names and vice versa.
  • Serve as a domain controller for multiple users and computers on the local network to connect to it.
  • Manage all user and computer policies.
  • Manage third-party software and applications.
  • Centralize user access to the system.

 

TechnoWikis will explain to you how to create your domain in Windows Server 2022 and with this make the most of it.

 

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How to create a domain and configure Active Directory in Windows Server 2022


One of the essential keys is to have a static IP since as it is a central server many processes depend on this, when changing the IP the connection will be lost. Later we will explain why you should do this.

 

Step 1

First we check with winver that we use Windows Server 2022:

 

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Step 2

Now open the Server Manager, we will see the following:

 

image

 

Step 3

Select "Add roles and characteristics" and the following wizard will be launched:

 

image

 

Step 4

We click Next and select "Role-based or feature-based installation":

 

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Step 5

Click Next and choose the server:

 

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Step 6

In the next window we select "Active Directory Domain Services":

 

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Step 7

This will display the following window:

 

image

 

Step 8

Click Add Features to add the role:

 

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Step 9

We select "DNS Server" and the following will be opened:

 

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Step 10

When we click on Add features we will see the following message:

 

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Step 11

As we mentioned, the IP address is essential for the operation of Windows Server 2022 when delivering services, to achieve this we go to the network properties:

 

image

 

Step 12

Click on "Change adapter options" and then right click on the adapter and select "Properties":

 

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Step 13

Select Internet Protocol version IPv4 and click on properties:

 

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Step 14

We establish the static IP based on the available range:

 

image

 

Note
The IP address of the "Preferred DNS server" field is the same IP of the equipment as it will act as DNS server.

 

We apply the changes..

 

Step 15

Now we can add the DNS role again:

 

image

 

Step 16

We will see that this time it allows it:

 

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Step 17

Click Next and we will go to the Features section:

 

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Step 18

There we do not make any changes, then we will see a brief summary of the role:

 

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Step 19

Click Next and we access information about the DNS server of Windows Server 2022:

 

image

 

Step 20

Click Next and we find a summary of the task to be carried out:

 

image

 

Step 21

We click on "Install" to start the Active Directory installation process on the server:

 

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Step 22

When this process comes to an end we will see the following:

 

image

 

Step 23

We click on Close and at the top we click on "Promote this server to a domain controller":

 

image

 

Step 24

We click there and in the wizard displayed we activate the "Add a new forest" box and register the domain name to use in Server 2022:

 

image

 

Step 25

Click on next to see the functional levels of the forest and enter the password for recovery:

 

image

 

Step 26

Click Next and we will see the DNS delegation section:

 

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Step 27

In the next window we find the NETBIOS name which is automatically assigned by the system:

 

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Step 28

After this we see the default values ​​of the databases, it is advisable not to alter these values:

 

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Step 29

Click Next and we find a summary of the activity to be executed:

 

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Step 30

We click Next to perform the prerequisite validation:

 

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Step 31

If everything is correct, click on "Install" to start the promotion process to domain controller in Windows Server 2022:

 

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Step 32

At the end we will see the following:

 

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Step 33

The system must be rebooted to complete the process:

 

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Step 34

We can see in the login screen that the domain has already been established:

 

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Step 35

When logging in we open the Server Manager and go to "Tools - Active Directory Users and Computers":

 

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Step 36

We select the domain, right click and choose Properties:

 

image

 

Step 37

We can see the functional levels that we have defined:

 

image

 

Step 38

Now we go to "Tools - DNS":

 

image

 

Step 39

We deploy the DNS server

 

image

 

Step 40

We right click on "Reverse search area" and select "New area":

 

image

 

Step 41

The following wizard will be launched:

 

image

 

Step 42

Click on next and set the Main zone option:

 

image

 

Step 43

In the next window we leave the option "Leave for all DNS servers that run on domain controllers in this domain":

 

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Step 44

Click on Next and we leave the area for IPv4 addressing:

 

image

 

Step 45

In the next window we enter the network identifier:

 

image

 

Step 46

Then we define the way the updates will be applied:

 

image

 

Step 47

Click Next and we will see a summary of the area to create:

 

image

 

Step 48

Click on Finish and we check the created zone:

 

image

 

Step 49

We go to the domain and click on the Host (A) file to validate the IP of Windows Server 2022:

 

image

 

Step 50

We will see the following:

 

image

 

Step 51

Finally we can check the server properties from "Local Server" in the Server Manager:

 

image

 

This is the step by step that TechnoWikis has taught you to create your domain controller in the new version of Windows Server 2022.

 


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