VirtualBox is one of the most used virtualization platforms today and not only because it is free but because of its wide set of features and functions that will make the management of virtual machines as complete as possible, in VirtualBox it is possible to virtualize Linux systems , Windows and macOS with complete integrity of its services and specifications, VirtualBox can be downloaded for free at the following link:
In the system where you install VirtualBox , it will host the virtual machines created in the user's local folder, in Windows 10 it will host them in the path C: \ Users \ [user] \ VirtualBox VMs, in the case of macOS it will be in the Home folder This is a default value, but based on the system used in each virtual machine, the size of the disk may be affected (this if we use small disks)..
Some machines can be more than 10GB in size and the most comprehensive solution for this is to install a VirtualBox machine on an external drive. This allows us to use the virtual machine at any time, but without taking up space on the local disk of the computer, let's see in this tutorial how to install a VirtualBox virtual machine on an external disk, in this example we will install Windows 10 on a Windows computer.
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How to install VirtualBox VM on an external hard drive
First, we will open the local location where VirtualBox stores virtual machines to check:
We see this machine in VirtualBox, now in Explorer we check the external hard drive. In this case the external disk is D.
Open VirtualBox, there we are going to create a new virtual machine using any of the following options:
Ctrl + N
- From the Machine - New menu
The following window will be displayed:
There we enter the name of the virtual machine, as well as the type and version of the system, in the field "Machine folder" we select "Other":
Select the external hard drive and create a folder for the virtual machine, we apply the changes:
In VirtualBox we can see that this is the path where the virtual machine will be hosted:
We click Next to define the RAM memory:
In the next window we are going to create the virtual hard disk:
We click on "Create", we define the type of hard drive:
Now we set the disk space:
In the next window we establish:
- The size of the virtual hard disk
- The path where the virtual disk will be hosted, by default it will be on the external hard disk
We click on Create to complete the process.
We validate on the external disk that the virtual machine files have been created:
In VirtualBox we click on Start and we will see the following:
There we select the ISO of the selected system to continue with the process:
In this case we will see the following:
Click Next and then click "Install Now":
We will see this:
We enter (if we have) the key and then select the version to use:
We accept the license of use:
Then we define the type of installation:
Select the disk where the system will be installed:
Click Next to start the installation in this case of Windows 10:
After this the system will reboot:
Define the keyboard:
Complete all the required process:
Finally, the system will be installed in VirtualBox on the external disk:
Again check that the virtual machine files are on the external hard drive. Now simply when we are going to use this virtual machine we must connect the external hard drive to the computer and start the virtual machine from VirtualBox.
This is how simple the process is to install a VirtualBox machine on an external disk to save local space..